Xiaolongbao: Shanghai’s Signature Soup Dumplings

Discover Shanghai’s signature soup dumplings, Xiaolongbao. Learn about the delicate dough, savory fillings, and the art of enjoying these steamed treasures. Whether you’re a food enthusiast or planning a trip to Shanghai, this guide will give you insights into where to find the best Xiaolongbao in the city and how to indulge in this iconic street food experience.


Source: Internet

Welcome to the world of Xiaolongbao, Shanghai’s most famous culinary delight. These delectable soup dumplings have gained international fame for their delicate skins, flavorful fillings, and the burst of savory broth contained within. In this article, we will explore the origins of Xiaolongbao, their unique cooking technique, and where to savor the best Xiaolongbao in Shanghai.

The Origins of Xiaolongbao

Xiaolongbao, which translates to “little steamer buns,” originated in Shanghai during the late Qing Dynasty. They were first created by a street vendor who wanted to offer a portable version of traditional steamed buns. The vendor came up with a unique cooking technique that involved filling the buns with savory broth and encasing them in a thin, elastic dough skin.

The Cooking Technique

Creating Xiaolongbao requires precision and skill. Here’s a step-by-step guide to the traditional cooking technique:

Dough Preparation

The dough for Xiaolongbao is made from a mixture of wheat flour, water, and a pinch of salt. It is kneaded until it becomes smooth and elastic.

Rolling and Shaping

The dough is divided into small portions and rolled into thin, round wrappers. These wrappers are slightly thicker at the edges to prevent leakage during cooking.


Traditionally, Xiaolongbao is filled with a mixture of minced pork, along with a savory broth made from simmering pork bones and aromatics for hours. Other variations may include seafood, vegetables, or even truffle fillings.


The art of pleating the Xiaolongbao is crucial to ensure that the dumplings are tightly sealed. Skilled dumpling makers can create intricate pleats, resulting in beautifully pleated Xiaolongbao.


The Xiaolongbao are arranged on bamboo steamers and placed in a steamer basket. They are then steamed for a specific duration, allowing the broth inside to turn into a hot, flavorful soup.

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Eating Xiaolongbao

Part of the joy of eating Xiaolongbao lies in the experience itself. Here’s how to enjoy Xiaolongbao in all its glory:

Handle with Care

Xiaolongbao are delicate, so it’s important to handle them with care to prevent the soup from leaking out. Use chopsticks or a spoon to lift them gently from the steamer.

Savor the Broth

Before taking a bite, admire the dumpling and its delicate pleats. Then, dip the Xiaolongbao in a combination of soy sauce, vinegar, and shredded ginger. Take a small bite from the side or gently pierce it with a chopstick to release the flavorful broth. Sip the soup inside before enjoying the rest of the dumpling.

Enjoy the Filling

Once you’ve savored the soup, you can relish the flavorful filling. Xiaolongbao fillings are often a combination of tender minced meat and aromatic seasonings. The balance of flavors in each bite is what makes Xiaolongbao so satisfying.


Xiaolongbao pairs well with various condiments. Some popular choices include black vinegar, soy sauce, chili oil, or even a dollop of spicy mustard. Experiment with different combinations to find your favorite flavor profile.

Where to Find the Best Xiaolongbao in Shanghai

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Shanghai is known for its exceptional Xiaolongbao. Here are some renowned establishments where you can enjoy the best Xiaolongbao in the city:

Jia Jia Tang Bao

This legendary restaurant is famous for its delicate and flavorful Xiaolongbao. The broth is rich and fragrant, with a perfect balance of meat and seasonings.

Nanxiang Mantou Dian

Located in the Yuyuan Bazaar, Nanxiang Mantou Dian is a historic eatery known for its traditional Xiaolongbao. It has been serving these delicacies for over a century.

Din Tai Fung

Originally from Taiwan, Din Tai Fung has made a name for itself as a global chain serving top-quality Xiaolongbao. The restaurant’s attention to detail and consistent flavor have earned it a loyal following.

Yang’s Fry Dumplings

Yang’s Fry Dumplings is renowned for its pan-fried Xiaolongbao, also known as Shengjianbao. These dumplings have a crispy bottom, juicy filling, and are a unique alternative to the traditional steamed Xiaolongbao.


Xiaolongbao, with its delicate skin, flavorful filling, and savory broth, is a culinary masterpiece that has captivated taste buds around the world. Originating from Shanghai, this iconic soup dumpling has become a symbol of the city’s culinary heritage. Whether you’re a local or a visitor, don’t miss the chance to indulge in the joy of Xiaolongbao, and discover why this delightful dish has earned a well-deserved spot in the hearts – and stomachs – of many.


What does Xiaolongbao mean?

Xiaolongbao translates to “little steamer buns” in English. It refers to the small, delicate dumplings that are steamed and filled with savory broth and various fillings.

What is the best way to eat Xiaolongbao?

To enjoy Xiaolongbao, carefully lift the dumpling using chopsticks or a spoon. Dip it into a combination of soy sauce, vinegar, and shredded ginger. Take a small bite to release the flavorful soup inside, then savor the filling and broth.

Can Xiaolongbao be customized with different fillings?

Yes, Xiaolongbao can be made with different fillings. While the classic filling is usually minced pork, variations with seafood, vegetables, and even truffle fillings are also available.

Is it possible to make Xiaolongbao at home?

Yes, it is possible to make Xiaolongbao at home, although it requires practice and skill to perfect the pleating and cooking technique. There are plenty of recipes and tutorials available online to guide you through the process.

Are there vegetarian or vegan options for Xiaolongbao?

Yes, some restaurants offer vegetarian or vegan versions of Xiaolongbao filled with ingredients like mushrooms, tofu, or vegetables. However, it’s best to check with the restaurant in advance to ensure they can accommodate your dietary preferences.

Can I freeze Xiaolongbao?

While it is possible to freeze Xiaolongbao, it is recommended to consume them fresh to fully enjoy the texture and taste. Steaming frozen Xiaolongbao may result in a less desirable texture.

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